Lemons, Limes, and Grapefruit
Bearss Lime: The Bearss Lime is known by other names including the Tahitian Lime and Persian Lime. It produces white flowers with a unique spicy fragrance. The fruit of the tree is typically seedless, less acidic than key limes, and larger in size than other limes. The shrub is nearly thornless making the Bearss a more manageable choice than other thorny citrus trees. The Bearss Lime is cold hardy and can tolerate heat, though regular watering is recommended. They prefer well-drained, sandy soils.
Eureka Lemon: This is a more "traditional" lemon with a tart taste. The fruit is large and juicy with very few seeds. The tree is evergreen blossoming intermittently throughout the year weather permitting. It is a moderate grower, reaching heights of 20 ft. at full maturity with a round tree canopy. It is a full sun plant. During the first year, a regular watering cycle is recommended until the tree is established. It works well as a container tree or planted in the ground. It prefers well-drained, sandy soils. Best planted in an area protected from north winds.
Limequat: A beautiful hybrid of key lime and round kumquat, this small tree makes an excellent choice for container growing. It is easily managed with pruning. The tree offers repeat flowing for 5 to 7 months out of the year weather permitting. It produces elongated fruit similar to a kumquat and can be picked green or allowed to ripen on the tree. The longer they remain on the tree the sweeter they become. They are more cold hardy than limes, but should be covered if winter temperatures fall beflore 50 degrees. They grow best in composted, well-drained rocky soil.
Meyers Lemon: Sweeter than Eurekas and less acidic, the Meyers lemon is a favorite choice of many home gardeners. It is a hybrid of a true lemon and a mandarin orange, which causes its fruit to be more round than other lemons and slightly yellow-orange when fully ripened. It is relatively small compared to other lemons, growing between 6 and 10 feet. It makes an excellent container tree. The tree will produce fruit throughout the year, most will be harvest ready near winter. It grows well in warm climates and should be protected from cold north winds. Plant in well-drained soil.
Nagami Kumquat: This tree is an excellent choice for the Central Valley grower as it requires high heat for proper growth and can withstand temperatures as low as 14 degrees F without injury. It does require weekly watering. The oblong fruit is unique in that it is one of the few cirtrus that is eaten whole with its sour pulp and sweet tasting rind. This tree is slow growing reaching a maximum height of 8'. It c an be grown in cotainers or planted in-ground. It has even been used as a bonzai tree. It is evergreen with repeat flowering and late fall harvest.
Rio Red Grapefruit: This tree is a moderate grower ranging in height from 10' to 20'. It produces large round fruit with a bright red pulp. The tree prefers well-drained, sandy or sandy-loam soil and has an extensive root spread. A newly planted tree needs to be watered every 3 days during the first 2 weeks of planting to ensure proper etablishment. The fruit of the tree ripens between February and May. It prefers the heat of inland climates and will need to be covered during winter cold snaps to prevent damage to the tree.